The compensation depends on matrimonial laws specific to specific religions. Or, civil laws like the Special Marriage Act 1954 and 125 CrPC Common Social Welfare Law.” The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, applies to all marriage and divorce, for Hindus, Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists.
Alimony is a monetary compensation granted to the spouse who is unable to support himself/herself.
The Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872, and the amended Indian Divorce Act apply to Christians. For Parsis, there is the Marriage and Divorce Act for Parsis. Shariat Law and the Dissolution of Muslim Act, 1937, apply to Muslim marriages.
Types of alimonies
According to Mumbai-based family lawyer Mrinalini Deshmukh, there are two types of alimony. “When it’s given during the time of the court proceedings, it is a maintenance amount. The second is when it’s given after the legal separation,” she explains.
After separation, alimony can be taken either as a one-time lump sum amount or a fixed payment, which could be monthly, quarterly and the like, depending on the requirement of the spouse.